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Field acquisition of geological, stratigraphic, petrographic, geomorphological, topographic, tectonic data and development of new geotechnologies for data acquisition, analysis and processing. Photographs of the field activities of the Geology and Geotechnology Laboratory

Field acquisition of geologic, stratigraphic, petrographic, geomorphologic, topographic and tectonic data as well as the development of new geotechnologies for data acquisition, analysis and elaboration. Pictures of the filed surveys performed by the Geology and Geotechnologies Laboratory


Photos of the stations for interpreting aerial photos, on the left the classic Wild Aviopret APT2 stereoscope and on the right the PC dedicated to aerial photos in digital format.

Picture of the posts dedicated to air photos interpretation, on the left the classic Wild Aviopret APT2 and to the right the PC dedicated to digital air photos interpretation.



Photo of the two stations dedicated to the processing of digital topography data.

Picture of the two posts dedicated to high resolution digital topographic data processing.



Figures. Processing of LIDAR data in the Ischia area, after the earthquake of 21 August 2017. 

Figures. Processing of LiDAR data about Ischia area, after the 21th of August 2017 earthquake.


stratigraphic Lab

Photographs of some sample collection procedures.

Picture showing some sample collection procedure adopted in the field.



Example of real-time sharing of geographical layers of information relating to the Emilian seismic sequence of 2012 via web-GIS (EMERGEO).

Example of web-GIS real-time sharing of informative geographic layers pertaining to the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence (EMERGEO).


Responsible: Dr. Paolo Marco De Martini

Manager: Paolo Marco De Martini


Maintenance, management and development of the Instrumental Park for the Characterization of High Resolution Sites (geology, geomorphology and topography sector), and of the Cartography and Aerial Photo, Stratigraphy and Sample Preparation, High Resolution Digital Topography Laboratories, as well as the infrastructure EMERGENCY emergency (http://emergeo.ingv.it/).


Maintenance, management and development of the Instrumental fleet for high-resolution characterization of study sites (geologic, geomorphologic and topographic sectors) and of the Air Photos and Cartography Lab, Stratigraphic and Sample Preparation Lab, High Resolution Digital Topography Lab, and also of the emergency infrastructure EMERGEO (http://emergeo.ingv.it/)

All requests for tools and workstations are managed thanks to an electronic calendar available online.

All the requests for instruments and posts are managed by an electronic calendar available online.

Cartography and Aerial Photo Laboratory (Head Paola Vannoli): 
Air Photos and Cartography Lab (Head Paola Vannoli): 

All available stereoscopes have been organised, cataloged and made usable in a single room, room no. 41 located on the ground floor, these tools can be used for viewing aerial photographs in 3D thanks to two dedicated workstations.

All the usable stereoscopes have been organized, cataloged and made available in a single room, n.41 located at the ground floor, these instruments allow the 3D vision of air photos thanks to two dedicated posts (see photo below).

The laboratory has a precious cartographic archive and aerial photographs. The cartographic material is located in the corridor on the second floor in eight chests of drawers. The aerial photographs were placed in a cabinet inside the Aerial Photography and Cartography Laboratory.
In order to be able to view and work with the newly acquired digital photographs from the Laboratory, we have set up a specially dedicated computer and the appropriate software for 3D viewing (Menci Software: Stereo Tools and ZMap).

The Lab manages a precious cartographic and air photos archive. The maps are located in eight chests along a corridor on the second floor. All the air photos have been located in a closet in the Air Photos and Cartography Lab. In order to better see and work with the new digital air photos the Lab has been equipped with a dedicated PC and related softwares for 3D visualization (Menci Software: Stereo Tools and ZMap)

Laboratory of High Resolution Digital Topography (Head Stefano Pucci):

High Resolution Digital Topography Lab (Head Stefano Pucci):

Created to organize and make usable the instrumentation useful for the acquisition of high-resolution topographic data and above all to provide spaces and means useful for their processing, managing their use through electronic calendars. The laboratory deals with the acquisition of topographic and micro-topographic data with innovative techniques (DGPS-differential GPS-; Lidar-Light Detection and Ranging- both aerial and terrestrial; Aerial photogrammetry, using drones and balloons; Terrestrial photogrammetry) which allow digital reconstructions 3D of the territory, faithful and high resolution. All the tools used for data collection were organized and made usable (differential DGPS-GPS, Total Station, aerostatic balloon, three digital cameras including a "full-frame" Nikon D750 specifically dedicated to image acquisition useful for photogrammetry, 3 portable GPS).
For data processing there are two workstations (see photo below) equipped with high resolution double screens and two DELL workstations equipped with high calculating and graphic rendering capacity, equipped with appropriate licensed software (MOVE, ARCGIS, PHOTOSCAN, LASTOOL, 3Dconnexion SpaceNavigator, etc.).
Both network and local storage spaces (4Tb External Hard Disk) have been set up for data storage.
For visualization we make use of a large screen with 4K resolution, shared on the network by all the workstations in the laboratory. 

Created to organize and to make available the instrumentation needed for high-resolution topographic data acquisition and more to furnish appropriate data processing spaces and tools, managing the requests by an electronic calendar. The Lab is in charge for topographic and micro-topographic data acquisition by means of innovative techniques (differential DGPS-GPS; Lidar-Light Detection and Ranging- both aerial and terrestrial; aerial photogrammetry by means of unmanned aircraft and helikite aerostat; terrestrial photogrammetry) allowing accurate and high-resolution 3D digital landscape reconstruction. All the usable instruments for data acquisition have been organized and made available (differential DGPS-GPS; Total Station; helikite aerostat; digital cameras including one Nikon D750 "full-frame" specifically dedicated to images acquisition for photogrammetry; 3 portable GPS). 
Two dedicated posts equipped with double screens and DELL workstations (see picture below) provided with powerful cores, graphic boards and appropriate software (MOVE, ARCGIS, PHOTOSCAN, LASTOOL, 3Dconnexion SpaceNavigator, etc.) are available in room 41 at the ground floor. Moreover, data storage is organized both at local (4 Tb external HD) and network scale. A large interconnected 4K-resolution monitor is also available.

It also makes use of new portable technologies (6 Samsung Note Smartphones, equipped with various licensed Android applications) useful for the collection, georeferencing and real-time sharing of geological data (SiE-Emergeo Informative System) also used during seismic emergency phases. The available instrumentation (GIS and web-GIS) also allows the management, distribution and analysis of the acquired territorial data and the derivation of geological thematic cartography at various scales, as an aid to the characterization of the tectonic activity of faults through geological surveys multidisciplinary.

New portable tools (6 Samsung Note Smartphones, equipped with several Android apps) useful for geologic data collection, georeferencing and in real-time sharing (SiE-Emergeo Informative System) are available and were used in case of seismic emergency too.
 All the instrumentations (GIS and web-GIS) allow data management, sharing and analysis as well as the derivation of geologic thematic maps at different scales, in order to better characterize the tectonic behavior of faults by means of multidisciplinary geological approaches.

The database LiDAR MATTM (Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory and the Sea), available at the Geology and Geotechnology Laboratory, after an agreement signed between the Institute and the MATTM, includes the raw data of the entire national territory, acquired for the Plan Extraordinary Remote Sensing (Law no. 179/2002 (art. 27)), aimed at verifying and monitoring areas with a high risk of landslide. The database includes more than 50 strips (laz format), covering coastal areas and the main rivers, up to two thirds of the national territory. In addition, the Geology and Geotechnology Laboratory has the necessary software for data processing and display. Head of CA Brunori

Here is an example:

LiDAR MATTM database, available at the Geology and Geotechnologies Laboratory, after an agreement between INGV (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Volcanologia) and MATTM (Ministry of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea), includes the whole national LiDAR data acquired by means the Not Ordinary Plan of Remote Sensing (Law no. 179/2002 (art. 27) - Extraordinary Remote Sensing Plan) aimed at verifying and monitoring of areas with high landslide risk (for more information see: http://www.pcn.minambiente.it/mattm/en/not-ordinary-plan-of-remote-sensing/). The database includes more than 50 thousands files (laz format) covering coastal and main fluvial streams areas, up to around two-thirds of the national territory. Moreover, the Geology and Geotechnologies Laboratory has the software for data processing and visualization. Head of CA Brunori


Laboratory of Stratigraphy and Sample Preparation (Head Alessandra Smedile):
Stratigraphic and Sample Preparation Lab (Head Alessandra Smedile):

All the material necessary for the preparation of samples for analysis (paleontological and dating) is now positioned and functioning in the LAB 5 container.
These are two sets of ASTM sieves, several beakers (2000ml and 500ml capacity), an ultrasonic bath (cold for cleaning the sieves) and a vibrating table (used to dissolve aggregated sediments). In this way it is possible to carry out all the operations necessary for the preparation of the samples in a single environment. A cockpit cooler (capacity 470 liters) is also available, for storing and maintaining corings and samples at a constant temperature and humidity. At the same time, the LUMIREADER instrument (Resp. Stefania Pinzi) located on the ground floor of the laboratory building (microscope room) is functional and available. 
The instrument carries out granulometric/sedimentological measurements (from 0.2 micron to 2 mm), is based on optical technology with three different wavelengths [black (870 nm), red (630 nm) and blue (470 nm)] and is connected to a PC on which the software (Sepview6) is installed for displaying and processing the data. The relative preparation of the samples is carried out in the geochemical laboratory and uses two series of sieves (diam. 100 mm and 200 mm), beakers of different capacities as well as a dedicated oven kept constantly at a temperature of 60 °C.

All the material required for samples preparation of paleontological (Foraminifera and Ostracoda) and dating analysis is located in the container LAB 5. The laboratory is supplied of two series of ASTM sieves, beakers (2000 ml and 500 ml), an ultrasonic bath and a shaking table needed to disaggregate incoherent sediments. In the same laboratory an industrial refrigerator (capacity 470 l) for storing and keeping at constant temperature and humidity cores and samples is available. 
Moreover, the optical grain-sizer LUMiReader (Resp. Stefania Pinzi) is located on the ground floor of the laboratory building (microscope room). LUMiReader is able to measure grain size from 200 nm to 2 mm using three different multi-wavelengths [black (870 nm), red (630 nm) and blue (470 nm)] and employs the STEP-Technology, which allows to obtain space - and time-resolved extinction profiles over the entire sample length. Sample preparation for grain size analysis is carried out in the geochemical laboratory thought two sets of sieves (100 mm and 200 mm meshes sieves), beakers of different volume and a dedicated oven maintained constantly at 60 °C.

All the analyzes carried out in this laboratory were preparatory for paleoseismological studies (liquefaction, tsunami deposits, etc.) but also useful for the characterization of the soils for seismic microzonation and as an aid to the study of volcanic ash.

All the analyzes carried out in this laboratory contributed to paleoseismological research (liquefaction, tsunami deposits, etc.) and supported both the soil characterization useful for seismic micro-zonation studies as well as for volcanic ash characterization.

EMERGEO infrastructure

EMERGEO infrastructure

Finally, one cannot fail to mention the fact that the INGV emergency group called EMERGEO (http://emergeo.ingv.it/has been able to carry out and is still carrying out an intense monitoring and field survey activity, mainly for Civil Protection purposes, thanks to the availability of the Digital Topography and Aerial Photo Laboratory, taking advantage of hardware and software supports useful for the organization, planning, cataloging and analysis of cosismic geological data.

Finally, it is noteworthy to mention that the INGV emergency geological group called EMERGEO (http://emergeo.ingv.it/) is still intensely working in order to monitor and to collect useful data in the field, mostly for Civil Protection purposes, thanks to the availability of the instrumentation and hardware/software of the Geology and Geotechnologies Laboratory, useful for organizing, planning, cataloging and analyzing coseismic geological data.