The TsunamiReady pilot program (external link to the project website) was established on June 20, 2001 under the aegis of the US National Weather Service (NWS) and the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).Tsunami Ready aims to ensure greater awareness of tsunami risk and more efficient tsunami risk management by coastal communities, called to take an active role in the definition and implementation of tsunami mitigation measures.
The IOC/UNESCO, assuming the programme as one of its main objectives, has developed international guidelines, currently under revision, for the accreditation procedure of individual municipalities wishing to be declared "Tsunami Ready". The international guidelines, developed on the basis of decades of experience in protecting coastal populations from tsunami risk, have been tested in the different realities making up the highest risk areas of the world
INGV and the Civil Protection Department are launching the first initiatives to verify the applicability of the project to the Italian reality. During 2020 and 2021, procedures will be started on some pilot municipalities.
The main indicators identified in the guidelines of the TsunamiReady pilot project, as requirements for a community to be recognized as "Tsunami Ready", are listed below.
V1: Designated and mapped tsunami hazard zones.
V2: To develop an initial estimate of the number of people that live in the tsunami hazard zone.
M1: Public display of tsunami information and response that identifies: tsunami danger area and/or hazard zone, evacuation routes, and assembly area; and provides tsunami response education (go to high ground until authorities indicate the warning has finish).
M2: Develop an inventory of available economic, infrastructural, political and social resources to reduce tsunami risk at the community level.
P1: Produce easily understood tsunami evacuation maps as determined to be appropriate by local authorities.
P2: Develop and distribute outreach and public education materials. Distribution should use three or more wide-reaching diverse methods.
P3: Annually hold at least three tsunami outreach or education activities.
P4: Conduct a biannual tsunami community exercise with its subsequent evaluation
R1: Address tsunami hazards in the community’s emergency operations plan (EOP)
R2: Commit to supporting the emergency operations center (EOC) during tsunami incidents if an EOC is opened and activated.
R3: Have redundant and reliable means for a 24-hour warning point (and EOC if activated) to receive official tsunami threats: at least three means.
R4: Have redundant and reliable means for 24-hour warning point and/or EOC to disseminate official tsunami alerts to the public: at least three.
V: Valutation; M: Mitigation; P: Preparedness; R: Response